King Ṭanṭawǝdǝm’s land charter: state of the art and new perspectives

King Ṭanṭawǝdǝm’s land charter to the church of Qǝfrǝyā  – attested in MS Ethio-SPaRe UM-035 (ʿUrā Qirqos, XVIIIth century) – sheds more light on the much earlier history of Ethiopia, X-XIIIth centuries. The recent edition and translation made by Marie-Laure Derat shows that this land charter has all chances to improve our knowledge about Christian-Muslim relationships at that early time. Yet, due to complexity of the text and our lack of knowledge on punctuation marks, narrative about Christian-Muslim relationships, as recorded in MS Ethio-SPaRe UM-035, allows various interpretations. Furthermore, comparative work with another Medieval archive, from Dabra Libānos in Ham (L’evangelo d’oro), brings new supportive evidence to consider XVIIIth century King Ṭanṭawǝdǝm’s land charter a copy of an older document, probably from King Ṭanṭawǝdǝm’s time. At the same time, the research on the archive of Dabra Libānos in Ham shows that a copy of a document is rarely identical to the original, but undergoes certain updates, which might be the case of King Ṭanṭawǝdǝm’s land charter as well.

Située sur un piton rocheux, l’église d’Ura Masqal a été reconstruite il y a quelques dizaines d’années, à partir de vestiges d’une église probablement contemporaine du roi Tantawedem. Piliers monolithiques, montants de fenêtres en bois sculpté sont parmi les pièces anciennes en réemploi dans la construction récente. © M.-L. Derat.

Citer ce billet
Nafisa Valieva (2021, 7 janvier). King Ṭanṭawǝdǝm’s land charter: state of the art and new perspectives. Projet ERC COG HornEast. Consulté le 27 mai 2024, à l’adresse